when you have diabetes, You can use a blood sugar test to check your blood sugar level, or Blood sugar.

If you take Insulin, You can use a blood glucose tester or glucometer several times a day. If you take non-insulin Medicine, You may only need one A1c test, Which is done every 3-6 months in your doctor’s office. A1C test is a blood A test that shows your doctor your blood sugar level on average in 3 months.

Blood glucose test as you

As you get older, your doctor may change how you monitor your blood sugar.

“The goals that your doctors want can vary depending on your age or other health factors,” says Patrice Conrad, senior diabetes specialist at Priority Health in Grand Rapids, MI.

“Older patients are at greater risk of having low blood sugar with certain medications, such as insulin and sulfonylurea,” says Joklyn Karam, director of the Department of Endocrinology at Myamides Medical Center in Brooklyn, NY.

If you have certain conditions, you may also be at risk of low blood sugar Kidney, liver, or heart Problems, or if your appetite becomes small.

in order to stop low blood sugar, or Hypoglycemia, Your doctor will want you to closely monitor your level with a blood sugar test.

What do blood glucose tests do

Your blood sugar level goes up and down throughout the day. They can rise after your meal, then fall after being gone for a long time without eating.

Your doctor will give you a target range for your blood sugar level. If it gets too low, you may have problems functioning and thinking well. If they go too much, it can cause problems for your body over time.

Using a glucometer, you can check your levels and make adjustments to keep them in a healthy range.

Types of blood glucose test

There are different types of blood sugar tests.

Fingerstick blood sugar test. With this test, you poke your finger with a lancet to get a small drop of blood. You place the blood on a bandage, then the glucometer tells you what your blood sugar level is at that time.


Continuous Glucose Monitoring Device (CGM). With a CGM test, you place a sticker-like patch, or glucose sensor, on yourself. The skin. It gives you readout on your smartphone or any other device insulin pump. “It can measure and transmit glucose readings every 5 minutes, 24 hours,” says Karam. You can change the sensor every 7-14 days.

Conrad, a registered nurse, says, “The advantage of CGM is that you can see that your blood sugar is the best, at all times, without any restriction.” A CGM is helpful if you have multiple insulin shots during the day or if your level is very different.

How to choose the right exam for you

The best test may be the one that is easiest for you to use.

“There are talking meters for people who can’t see well, and some may have large numbers for limited people The vision, ”Says Conrad. Some have backlighting, making them easy to read. Others store your readings so that you can download and share them with your doctor.

“Older patients who have difficulty moving their fingers but still require frequent glucose readings can benefit from glucose sensors,” says Karam. But you do need some technical skills to use CGM devices, so they may not be right for everyone.

Talk to your doctor or Pharmacist Which test may be best for you.

When to check your blood sugar

Your doctor will tell you how often your blood sugar level is to be tested, and if you need to change it by age.

“If you’re on insulin, they often want to check on you before meals and at bedtime,” Conrad says. “If they are running high or low, they at least want that many, if not more, to test.”

If your number is running most of the time or near your goal and you are not taking insulin with food, your doctor may recommend less testing.

“With patients Diabetes type 2 treated with Diet Alone, or medications that do not cause low blood sugar, may only require a finger checkup a few times a week, ”says Karam.

If you have medications, medical conditions, or changes in appetite, your doctor may recommend adjusting your test schedule to avoid low blood sugar.


Keep your number on target as you age

You can take steps to ensure that your blood sugar levels remain at a healthy target range. “Many things affect your blood sugar. Some you control, some you don’t, ”says Conrad.

Here’s what you can do to keep your level on track.

  • Eat healthy most of the time.
  • Be as active as you can.
  • manage your Tension The best you can do.
  • Check your blood sugar The same level as your doctor recommends.
  • Take your medicine on time every time.



Patrice Conrad, Registered Nurse; Senior Diabetes Specialist, Priority Health, Grand Rapids, MI.

Jocelyn Karam, MD, Director, Division of Endocrinology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY.

American Diabetes Association: “The Big Picture: Checking Your Blood Glucose.”

Health in Aging: “Diabetes Care and Treatment,” “Unique Diabetes for Older Adults.”

Johns Hopkins Medicine: “Diabetes: What You Should Know as You Age.”

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