April 23, 2021 – Long-Haul COVID-19 patients face multiple health hazards – including a higher chance of dying – until 6 months after catching the virus, according to a large study published in the journal. Nature.

In a second study released by the CDC on Friday, symptoms were found months later among COVID-19 patients who originally had mild symptoms.

for Nature The study, researchers examined more than 87,000 COVID-19 patients and about 5 million control patients in a federal database. They found that COVID-19 patients had a 59% higher risk of death by 6 months after infection than noninfected ones.

Researchers said these findings turn into eight additional deaths per 1,000 patients over 6 months, as many deaths due to prolonged COVID complications are not reported as COVID-19 deaths. , The researchers said. In patients hospitalized and dying after more than 30 days, more than 29 deaths per 1,000 patients occurred in 6 months.

“As far as total Universal epidemic Death toll, this number indicates that the deaths we are counting are instantaneous viral infection There are only the tip of the iceberg, ”Ziyad al-Aly, MD, senior author of the study and a director of the Clinical Epidemiology Center of the Veterans Affairs St. Louis Health Care System, said in a news release from the university. Washington Medical School in St. Louis.

Johns Hopkins University says more than 3 million people worldwide and about 570,000 people have died in the United States Coronavirus-Related reasons

Chronic COVID patients were much more likely to become ill, and not only inside respiratory systemAccording to the study.

Had a higher rate of patients the strokes and others nervous system Diseases; mental health Problems like this depression; the onset of Diabetes; heart disease And other coronary problems; Diarrhea And digestive disorders; Kidney disease; Blood clots; Joint pain; hair fall; And normal Fatigue.

Patients often had clusters of these diseases. The study noted that the more severe the case of COVID-19, the greater the likelihood of long-term health problems.

Researchers based on their study Health care US Department of Veterans Affairs database. In addition to 87,000 COVID patients, the database consisted of approximately 5 million patients who did not catch COVID. The news release stated that the veterans in the study were about 88% male, but the large sample size included 8,880 females.

Al-Aly, an assistant professor at Washington University Medical School, said the study suggests that COLID-19 could be “America’s next major health crisis” in the long run.

“Our study shows that until 6 months after diagnosis, the risk of death in a mild case of COVID-19 is not modest and increases with the severity of the disease,” he said. “Given that more than 30 million Americans have been infected with the virus, and given that the long COVID-19 burden is substantial, the effects of the disease remain for many years and even decades. Will be impressed. “

Meanwhile, the CDC on Friday released a new study of people who had COVID-19 cases. It was found that about two-thirds of them returned to the doctor within 6 months of their initial infection with new symptoms.

The study validates accounts of several COVID-19 long hulls that say they are still ill months later although their initial infections were mild.

More than 3,100 cases were reviewed for the study. No patients were hospitalized for their initial infections. The study found that about 70% or 2,100 people with mild infections treated by Kaiser Permanente Health System in Georgia returned to the doctor 1 to 6 months after that initial diagnosis, and about 40% to see a specialist Was required.

Compared to those who did not return to the doctor after recovering from their initial infections, those living longer were more likely to be African American, women, and people over 50 years of age. About 10% of them were given a second diagnosis of an active COVID infection.

“Health care providers used the diagnosis of active infection to indicate that the effects of COVID-19 were affecting medical care at the time of travel,” author Alfonso Hernandez-Romeiu, MD, said in an email . “Therefore it cannot be determined whether patients may experience symptoms of revascularization with SARS-CoV-2 rather than symptoms of COVID-19,” said Hernandez-Romeiu, clinical team at CDC Is part of the long-term study of complications of COVID-19.

Pulmonologists, cardiologists, neurologists and mental health professionals were some of the most specialized counselors.

The study authors state that doctors should be aware that patients approaching them may have new symptoms related to previous COVID diagnoses.

Webmd health news

Sources

Nature: “High-dimensional characterization of the post-acute sequence of COVID-19.”

Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis: “In COVID-19 survivors, a serious risk of death, critical illness.”

MMWR, April 23, 2021


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