By Steven Rinberg
Healthday Reporter

WEDNESDAY, April 21, 2021 ( Information) – A lethal chemical in a paint stripper proceeds to get rid of staff regardless of its recognized dangers, a new examine finds.

The chemical methylene chloride, also acknowledged as dichloromethane (DCM), is a solvent identified in paint strippers, cleaners, degreasers, adhesives, and sealants. When inhaled, it produces large amounts Carbon monoxide That can minimize oxygen heart. At significant doses, it closes the brain To breathe Centre. Death can arise within minutes.

Senior researcher Veena Singla, a senior scientist at the All-natural Resources Protection Council in San Francisco, stated, “It can make you dizzy, nauseous and ultimately, you can faint and die, simply because it deprives your system of oxygen.” is.”

“In a little enclosed area like a toilet, vapors can accumulate to hazardous concentrations within just 10 minutes,” she stated. “It is also harmful long phrase. It is a regarded most cancers-resulting in chemical, and it can also bring about liver And Kidney Hurt.”


Methylene chloride is a robust solvent that is good for dissolving paints and adhesives immediately. Despite the fact that it is banned in consumer products and solutions, it is still used in expert paint strippers.

According to Singla, the field has protested in opposition to the ban on the chemical and claimed that the deaths associated to it are the end result of not working with suitable protective gear.

“Yet another reason why the chemical is so lethal is that the devices you need to secure oneself from is incredibly precise and not readily accessible to lots of men and women,” she mentioned.

Common latex gloves do not shield you from methylene chloride. The chemical can go by means of these gloves and however be absorbed into the skin. In addition, masks worn as dust shields do not safeguard versus chemical fumes, Singla explained.

Till listed here Respirator Cartridge filters are not helpful from this chemical, she reported.

While the US Environmental Safety Agency (EPA) has banned methylene chloride in consumer paint strippers, it is however in some goods that buyers can acquire, she mentioned.

“Men and women should really try to stay away from methylene chloride in any product and verify previous paint strippers at household,” Singla explained.


Singla, who labored while finding out at the University of California at San Francisco, explained the chemical need to be banned.

“This chemical is far too perilous and dangerous to be utilised safely and securely, and we definitely require to move to safer alternatives,” she stated. “This has by now been completed in other sites. The European Union has currently gotten rid of methylene chloride and transitioned to safer solutions, and we can avoid extra fatalities if we did that as perfectly.”

For the research, Singla and colleagues reviewed methylene chloride-related deaths concerning 1980 and 2018.

Through that time, 85 individuals in the United States died from publicity to the chemical. Of these fatalities, 74 were being do the job-associated.

Paint strippers have been the most widespread item. The review discovered that the selection of operate-relevant deaths from paint stripping greater from 22 right before (55%) to 2000 (88%).

In addition, fatalities from bathtub or paint stripping in the bathroom greater from 2 (5%) before 2000 to 21 (62%) just after 2000.


In between 1985 and 2017, the American Affiliation of Poison Manage Facilities described a lot more than 37,000 non-deadly methylene chloride situations.

In accordance to the research, the annual amount of noted nonfatal situations exceeded 1,701 in 1995, then began to tumble. The conditions labored at around 408 in a calendar year among 2010 and 2017, like about 73 in the place of work.

Lobby Hitchcock, director of the lobbying group Risk-free Chemical substances Wholesome Relatives, reviewed the study and explained it confirms what the public and the EPA have recognised for a very long time.

“Methylene chloride in paint strippers can eliminate and eliminate people in the workplace,” she stated.

In accordance to Hitchcock, the EPA seemed at 53 makes use of of methylene chloride and found that 47 of them posed an undue chance to the public. “Then they ought to undoubtedly ban it,” she reported.

The EPA walked absent from imposing chemical limitations through the Trump administration, Hitchcock stated. However, he expects it to go forward with the ban in the course of the Biden Presidency.

Hitchcock explained, “This paper exhibits us after all over again that the use of this chemical is an unacceptable risk, and it is incredibly hazardous to use.”


The results were posted on-line on 19 April in the journal JAMA Inner Medicine.

a lot more information and facts

For a lot more on methylene chloride, stop by Safe Chemicals Healthy Family members.

Supply: Veena Singla, PhD, Senior Scientist, Purely natural Sources Defense Council, San Francisco Liz Hitchcock, Director, Safe and sound Chemical substances Wholesome Family members, Washington, DC JAMA Interior Drugs, April 19, 2021, on the web