July 15, 2021 – Hundreds of Americans have Deaths from heat-related illnesses in latest nationwide heat wave, and this week’s forecast also brings the temperature back into the triple digits for millions of people. With thermometers rising to historic lows, many are at risk, from young children attending camps to elderly people sheltering from the heat.
May mean heat-related illnesses heat exhaustion or heat stroke, the latter of which is more serious and potentially life-threatening. Heat exhaustion is a mild form of heat illness that can occur after a person is exposed to high temperatures without drinking enough water. Heatstroke occurs when the internal body temperature reaches 104 F, or 40 degrees Celsius. can cause heatstroke recovery or coma, and if left untreated, it can lead to heart attacks and death. (Learn more about heatstroke here.)
how to take action
The best ways to help someone with heat exhaustion differ from those recommended for someone with heatstroke. Here are the best tips:
- Drink cold liquids, especially sports drinks and water. Caffeinated and alcoholic beverages are diuretics and will make you urinate more, so avoid them. Keep liquids cold rather than cold, as cold water can cause stomach cramps.
- Rest in a cool place. It could be a building with air conditioning, or at least a shady place outside. Rest on your back with your feet elevated above your heart.
- Try cooling measures, such as a cold shower or bath. You can also apply towels soaked in cold water to your skin. If you’re outside and don’t have access to a faucet, find a cool pond or stream to stand on.
- Loosen your clothes. Take off any clothing you don’t need and make sure your clothes are light and not tied to you.
Unlike heat exhaustion, heatstroke requires immediate medical attention. When someone has heatstroke, the most important thing to do is to call 911 for medical help.. While waiting for help to arrive, do the following:
- Move the person to a cool place. Move to nearby air-conditioned buildings, or find a shady spot.
- Take cooling measures, such as placing the person in a cold shower or bath. Taking a sponge, soaking it in cool water and moving it along the person’s skin may also help.
- Monitor body temperature. Take the victim’s temperature, and continue cooling measures until their body temperature drops to 101 F.
- If the victims are awake and able, make them drink alcohol. Stick to the water. Avoid sugary drinks. are caffeinated and alcoholic beverages diuretics And there will be an increase in urination, so avoid these too. Keep liquids cold rather than cold, as cold water can cause stomach cramps.
These tips will help prevent heat-related illnesses in the first place:
- Drink lots of fluids. Avoid coffee, tea and alcohol. Once you’re thirsty, you’re left behind at least half a liter.
- Limit your exercise in hot and humid environments. Take it easy, especially in the late afternoon and early afternoon, when the heat is most likely to be at its peak.
- Wear light and breathable clothing.
- Wait to adapt. If you are not used to high temperatures, wait to exercise in the heat until you are used to them.
Understanding heat-related illnesses
Heatstroke can damage human cells that are important for Central nervous system and other systems, says Grant Lippman, MD, clinical professor of emergency medicine at Stanford University School of Medicine and founder of GOES.Health.
“This internal temperature is a combination of both metabolic function and the internal temperature induced through exercise, and passive exposure to external temperature, decreases the body’s ability to store heat,” he says.
GOES, which stands for Global Outdoor Emergency Support, is a digital medical guide and emergency assistance application for outdoor adventurers.
Heatstroke can be the result of physical exertion – in this case, the body can handle heat normally, but too much exercise damages its ability to do so.
For example, you can get heatstroke from a strenuous Exercise In hot weather without drinking enough water beforehand. Heatstroke can also occur when the body’s temperature regulation system fails, which is more likely to occur in elderly people who may have chronic health conditions.
Signs and symptoms of heat illness
The signs of heatstroke and heat exhaustion are different in some ways. heat exhaustion often with heavy sweating and pale skin, dizziness or fainting, headache, muscle cramps or weakness, nausea or vomiting, and a rapid pulse. Heatstroke, on the other hand, is marked by a lack of sweating, with the skin appearing red, hot and dry. People with heatstroke may also become confused, have headaches, dizziness, unconscious, have a fast and pounding heartbeat, and nausea or vomiting.
People prone to heat illnesses include those who exercise in hot and humid environments, which can include children in summer athletic training and camps.
“Fast and brisk exercise are likely to generate more heat than slow exercise, but both can lead to a significantly elevated internal temperature,” says Lippman.
Exercising in a hot, humid environment limits the body’s ability to cool itself by sweating, putting you at higher risk of heatstroke, he says.
The elderly are at increased risk of heat illnesses, as are anyone who takes medicines used to treat high blood pressure and heart problems (beta-blockers and diuretics) and allergy symptoms (antihistamines).
Obesity is also a risk factor, as lifting more weight can cause the body to retain more heat. In addition, people who are not used to high heat, such as those who live in cold climates throughout the year, are at greater risk.